Myanmar is Southeast Asia’s largest country, sharing borders with China, Laos and Thailand in the east, and Bangladesh and India in the north, Myanmar has a 2,832 km seaboard with the Indian Ocean to the west and south.
Myanmar has the effects of the Monsoon in different parts of the country. Temperature varies from 38°C to 19°C; humidity from 82.8% to 66%. The ideal time to visit Myanmar is during the cool season. However, rainfall in Bagan and Mandalay is very low, even in the rainy season.
The chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, the military junta that rules Myanmar, serves as head of state. The government is headed by the prime minister. Myanmar’s 1974 constitution was suspended in 1988, when a military junta assumed power. The process of drafting of a new constitution began in 1994, was suspended in 1996, and resumed in 2004; however, it did not included participation of the democratic opposition.
Myanmar suffered extensive damage in World War II, and some sectors of its economy have not yet fully recovered. About 70% of the population works in agriculture and forestry, and rice accounts for about half of the agricultural output.
Burma, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, adopted a new state flag on 21 October 2010 to replace the former socialist flag in use since 1974. The new flag was introduced along with implementing changes to the country’s name, which were laid out in the 2008 Constitution.
Myanmar people are friendly, kind and hospital on all of people as Myanmar people culture. They are kind-hearted people and for example, a good Myanmar Burmese will never swear at the elders whether they are right or wrong. Myanmar Religion is part of the everyday lives of the Myanmar/Burmese people.
Languages of Myanmar / Burma
The number of languages of Burma (Myanmar) is 107. Burmese, spoken by approximately 65% of the populace, is the official language. However, a wide variety of languages are spoken, especially by ethnic minorities, representing four major language families: Sino-Tibetan, Austro-Asiatic, Kradai, and Indo-European.
In Myanmar the majority of the population are Buddhist (some 89.1%). Theravada Buddhism is professed widely. Religious intolerance or discrimination on grounds of religion is non-existence in the Union of Myanmar throughout it’s long history.
Ancestors of Myanmar fromcalled Prome Dynasty entered Southern parts of Ayeyarwady River from the upper parts of Chinese Rawsuko River over thousands years ago. Myanmar ancestors were said to be Mongolian. This Dynasty came to ruin in about 1 century AD.
Myanmar Traditional Costumes
In Myanmar, there are about 135 ethnic groups. Among them, the major races are Bamar, Shan, Kayin, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Mon and Rakhine. They all have their own dialect, tradition, culture, legendary and traditional costume.
Rice is the main ingredient in typical Burmese Myanmar food meal, to which soups, curries, salads, condiments, meat and other dishes are added for nutrition and zest. At meal time, all these dishes are laid out on the dining table at one time so that the meal may be designed to suit the diners’ individual taste.
Myanmar is divided into seven states and seven divisions. The divisions are predominantly Bamar. The states, in essence, are divisions which are home to particular ethnic minorities. The administrative divisions are further subdivided into townships, wards, and villages. Major cities are divided into districts called townships.